The ground penetrating radar system works by sending a pulse of energy into a material such as concrete and recording the strength and the time required for the return of any reflected signal. A series of pulses over a single area make up what is called a scan. Reflections are produced whenever the energy pulse enters into a material with different electrical conduction properties or dielectric permittivity from the material it left. The strength of the reflection is determined by the contrast in the dielectric constants and conductivities of the two materials.
What is GPR?
GPR is a tool for indirectly looking at underground objects such as gravel and sand layers. The information or data received by GPR is like an x-ray or map of the underground. GPR uses electromagnetic waves like radio waves, which have a longer wavelength. The wavelength is the fundamental difference between the forms of electromagnetic energy.
Benefits of GPR
- Non-destructive – Frequency waves make no damage on the subsurface, environment or surrounding people.
- Disturbance free – Makes little noise and doesn’t bother surrounding people.
- Easily deployed – Multiple size options that are user friendly, so it can be stored, moved and used almost anywhere.
- Rugged – Construction is durable and designed to endure the everyday riggers associated with its applications.
- Upgraded system – Similar to having a test trench or boring along the whole length of the project without digging.
- Eliminates Waste: Points out areas to test pit or sample bore.
A ground penetrating radar system is made up of three main components: A control unit, an antenna and a power supply.
The GPR energy pulse is reflected back to the antenna and energy also keeps traveling through the material until it either dissipates or the GPR control unit has closed its time window. The rate of signal attenuation varies widely and is dependent on the properties of the material through which the pulse is passing. These pulses are then recorded on a screen to form the differences in material.
Processing the GPR method
The GPR operator will note the location of a target so that it can be avoided; a process called utility locating or utility mapping. These situations will require the operator to use GSSI GPR processing software, which applies mathematical functions to the data in order to remove background interference, eliminate hyperbolas, and calculate accurate depth.
Why you need to choose Proscan Subsurface Imaging
Proscan Subsurface Imaging has been in business for over 7 years and we aim to exceed our client’s expectations.
If you would like to know more about the concrete GPR services we offer, do not hesitate to visit our offices or fill out our online quote request.